Liste des municipalités du Connecticut

L'État américain du Connecticut est divisé en 169 municipalités, regroupées en huit comtés.

Statut

Les municipalités du Connecticut peuvent être des cities, des towns ou des boroughs. Tout le territoire du Connecticut est divisé en towns, à l'exception des cities (sauf Groton) et du borough de Naugatuck, où les gouvernements des deux entités ont fusionné. Les autres boroughs et la city de Groton disposent d'un gouvernement propre, différent de celui de la town dans laquelle ils se trouvent[1], mais restent dépendant de la town pour un certain nombre de compétences[2]. Au XIXe siècle, les boroughs permettaient au centre des municipalités, souvent plus riches, d'avoir un plus grand contrôle sur les affaires locales[3].

Depuis le , les comtés du Connecticut ne sont plus une collectivité ; leurs pouvoirs ont été transférés à l'État ou aux towns[1].

Liste des municipalités

Liste des municipalités de l'État du Connecticut
Nom Type Comté Superficie[4]
(en km²)
Population[4]
(2010)
Forme de
gouvernement
Création
AndoverTownTolland40,043 303Town meeting1848
AnsoniaCityNew Haven15,6219 249Mayor-council1889
AshfordTownWindham100,474 100Town meeting1714
AvonTownHartford59,8818 098Council-manager1830
BantamBoroughLitchfield2,62759Town de Litchfield1915
BarkhamstedTownLitchfield93,813 620Town meeting1779
Beacon FallsTownNew Haven25,336 049Town meeting1871
BerlinTownHartford68,5119 866Council-manager1785
BethanyTownNew Haven54,315 563Town meeting1832
BethelTownFairfield43,4918 584Town meeting1855
BethlehemTownLitchfield50,143 607Town meeting1787
BloomfieldTownHartford67,3720 486Council-manager1835
BoltonTownTolland37,324 980Town meeting1720
BozrahTownNew London51,722 627Town meeting1786
BranfordTownNew Haven56,9328 026Representative town meeting1685
BridgeportCityFairfield41,44144 229Mayor-council1821
BridgewaterTownLitchfield42,041 727Town meeting1856
BristolCityHartford68,6660 477Mayor-council1785
BrookfieldTownFairfield51,2816 452Town meeting1788
BrooklynTownWindham75,038 210Town meeting1786
BurlingtonTownHartford77,189 301Town meeting1806
CanaanTownLitchfield85,341 234Town meeting1739
CanterburyTownWindham103,345 132Town meeting1703
CantonTownHartford63,6410 292Town meeting1806
ChaplinTownWindham50,322 305Town meeting1822
CheshireTownNew Haven85,2429 261Council-manager1780
ChesterTownMiddlesex41,523 994Town meeting1836
ClintonTownMiddlesex42,1713 260Town meeting1838
ColchesterTownNew London127,0616 068Town meeting1698
ColebrookTownLitchfield81,511 485Town meeting1779
ColumbiaTownTolland55,325 485Town meeting1804
CornwallTownLitchfield119,171 420Town meeting1740
CoventryTownTolland97,6912 435Council-manager1712
CromwellTownMiddlesex32,0914 005Town meeting1851
DanburyCityFairfield109,0680 893Mayor-council1687
DanielsonBoroughWindham3,004 051Town de Killingly1854
DarienTownFairfield33,3120 732Representative town meeting1820
Deep RiverTownMiddlesex35,094 629Town meeting1635
DerbyCityNew Haven12,9012 902Mayor-council1675
DurhamTownMiddlesex61,127 388Town meeting1708
East GranbyTownHartford45,275 148Town meeting1858
East HaddamTownMiddlesex140,719 126Town meeting1734
East HamptonTownMiddlesex92,1812 959Council-manager1767
East HartfordTownHartford46,6751 252Mayor-council1783
East HavenTownNew Haven31,7529 257Mayor-council1785
East LymeTownNew London88,1419 159Town meeting1839
East WindsorTownHartford68,0911 162Town meeting1768
EastfordTownWindham74,821 749Town meeting1847
EastonTownFairfield71,027 490Town meeting1845
EllingtonTownTolland88,1915 602Town meeting1786
EnfieldTownHartford86,4544 654Council-manager1683
EssexTownMiddlesex26,836 683Town meeting1852
FairfieldTownFairfield77,7859 404Representative town meeting1666
FarmingtonTownHartford72,6825 340Council-manager1645
FenwickBoroughMiddlesex1,0143Town d'Old Saybrook1899
FranklinTownNew London50,531 922Town meeting1786
GlastonburyTownHartford133,0534 427Council-manager1690
GoshenTownLitchfield113,082 976Town meeting1739
GranbyTownHartford105,3911 282Council-manager1786
GreenwichTownFairfield123,8861 171Representative town meeting1665
GriswoldTownNew London90,5211 951Town meeting1815
GrotonTownNew London81,0740 115Representative town meeting1705
GrotonCityNew London17,5110 389Town de Groton1964
GuilfordTownNew Haven121,8622 375Town meeting1639
HaddamTownMiddlesex114,048 346Town meeting1662
HamdenTownNew Haven84,9060 960Mayor-council1786
HamptonTownWindham64,751 863Town meeting1786
HartfordCityHartford44,83124 775Mayor-council1635
HartlandTownHartford85,552 114Town meeting1761
HarwintonTownLitchfield79,645 642Town meeting1737
HebronTownTolland95,579 686Town meeting1708
Jewett CityBoroughNew London1,923 487Town de Griswold1895
KentTownLitchfield125,542 979Town meeting1739
KillinglyTownWindham125,6717 370Council-manager1708
KillingworthTownMiddlesex91,506 525Town meeting1667
LebanonTownNew London140,147 308Town meeting1700
LedyardTownNew London98,7815 051Mayor-council1836
LisbonTownNew London42,114 338Town meeting1786
LitchfieldTownLitchfield145,198 466Town meeting1719
LitchfieldBoroughLitchfield3,551 258Town de Litchfield1879
LymeTownNew London82,492 406Town meeting1667
MadisonTownNew Haven93,7618 269Town meeting1826
ManchesterTownHartford70,6058 241Council-manager1823
MansfieldTownTolland115,1526 543Council-manager1702
MarlboroughTownHartford60,296 404Town meeting1803
MeridenCityNew Haven61,5160 868Council-manager1806
MiddleburyTownNew Haven45,977 575Town meeting1807
MiddlefieldTownMiddlesex32,894 425Town meeting1866
MiddletownCityMiddlesex105,9347 648Mayor-council1651
MilfordCityNew Haven58,4352 759Mayor-council1639
MonroeTownFairfield67,6819 479Town meeting1823
MontvilleTownNew London108,8319 571Mayor-council1786
MorrisTownLitchfield44,522 388Town meeting1859
NaugatuckBoroughNew Haven42,4531 862Mayor-council1844
New BritainCityHartford34,5573 206Mayor-council1850
New CanaanTownFairfield57,3219 738Mayor-council1801
New FairfieldTownFairfield52,9913 881Town meeting1740
New HartfordTownLitchfield95,916 970Town meeting1738
New HavenCityNew Haven48,82129 779Mayor-council1638
New LondonCityNew London14,3527 620Mayor-council1646
New MilfordTownLitchfield159,5228 142Mayor-council1712
NewingtonTownHartford34,1430 562Council-manager1871
NewtownTownFairfield149,6027 560Town meeting1711
NewtownBoroughFairfield5,981 941Town de Newtown1824
Norfolk TownLitchfield117,351 709Town meeting1758
North BranfordTownNew Haven64,5414 407Council-manager1831
North CanaanTownLitchfield50,383 315Town meeting1858
North HavenTownNew Haven53,7924 093Town meeting1786
North StoningtonTownNew London140,665 297Town meeting1807
NorwalkCityFairfield59,0885 603Mayor-council1651
NorwichCityNew London73,3740 493Council-manager1662
Old LymeTownNew London59,837 603Town meeting1855
Old SaybrookTownMiddlesex38,9510 242Town meeting1854
OrangeTownNew Haven44,5213 956Town meeting1822
OxfordTownNew Haven85,1812 683Town meeting1798
PlainfieldTownWindham109,4815 405Town meeting1699
PlainvilleTownHartford25,2817 716Council-manager1869
PlymouthTownLitchfield56,2512 243Mayor-council1795
PomfretTownWindham104,384 247Town meeting1713
PortlandTownMiddlesex60,619 508Town meeting1841
PrestonTownNew London80,034 726Town meeting1687
ProspectTownNew Haven37,099 405Mayor-council1827
PutnamTownWindham52,559 584Town meeting1855
ReddingTownFairfield81,589 158Town meeting1767
RidgefieldTownFairfield89,1724 638Town meeting1709
Rocky HillTownHartford34,8419 709Representative town meeting1843
RoxburyTownLitchfield67,942 262Town meeting1796
SalemTownNew London74,984 151Town meeting1819
SalisburyTownLitchfield148,463 741Town meeting1741
ScotlandTownWindham48,201 726Town meeting1857
SeymourTownNew Haven37,7416 540Town meeting1850
SharonTownLitchfield152,032 782Town meeting1739
SheltonCityFairfield79,1839 559Mayor-council1789
ShermanTownFairfield56,463 581Town meeting1802
SimsburyTownHartford87,7523 511Town meeting1670
SomersTownTolland73,4011 444Town meeting1734
South WindsorTownHartford72,4225 709Council-manager1845
SouthburyTownNew Haven101,1719 904Town meeting1787
SouthingtonTownHartford93,2143 069Council-manager1779
SpragueTownNew London34,212 984Town meeting1861
StaffordTownTolland150,1212 087Town meeting1719
StamfordCityFairfield97,77122 643Mayor-council1641
SterlingTownWindham70,533 830Town meeting1794
StoningtonTownNew London100,2118 545Town meeting1662
StoningtonBoroughNew London1,92929Town de Stonington1801
StratfordTownFairfield45,5651 384Mayor-council1639
SuffieldTownHartford109,3215 735Town meeting1674
ThomastonTownLitchfield31,117 887Town meeting1875
ThompsonTownWindham121,579 458Town meeting1785
TollandTownTolland102,8515 052Council-manager1715
TorringtonCityLitchfield103,0636 383Mayor-council1740
TrumbullTownFairfield60,3236 018Mayor-council1797
UnionTownTolland74,36854Town meeting1734
VernonTownTolland45,9229 179Mayor-council1808
VoluntownTownNew London100,802 603Town meeting1721
WallingfordTownNew Haven101,0645 135Mayor-council1670
WarrenTownLitchfield68,141 461Town meeting1786
WashingtonTownLitchfield98,913 578Town meeting1779
WaterburyCityNew Haven74,00110 366Mayor-council1686
WaterfordTownNew London84,8219 517Representative town meeting1801
WatertownTownLitchfield75,5022 514Council-manager1780
West HartfordTownHartford56,9363 268Council-manager1854
West HavenCityNew Haven28,0855 564Mayor-council1921
WestbrookTownMiddlesex40,716 938Town meeting1840
WestonTownFairfield51,2810 179Town meeting1787
WestportTownFairfield51,8326 391Representative town meeting1835
WethersfieldTownHartford32,0926 668Council-manager1634
WillingtonTownTolland86,176 041Town meeting1727
WiltonTownFairfield69,8018 062Town meeting1802
WinchesterTownLitchfield83,6011 242Council-manager1771
WindhamTownWindham70,1125 268Town meeting1692
WindsorTownHartford76,7429 044Council-manager1633
Windsor LocksTownHartford23,3912 498Town meeting1854
WolcottTownNew Haven52,9116 680Mayor-council1796
WoodbridgeTownNew Haven48,778 990Town meeting1784
WoodburyTownLitchfield94,469 975Town meeting1673
WoodmontBoroughNew Haven2,561 488City de Milford1903
WoodstockTownWindham156,807 964Town meeting1686

Notes et références

  1. (en) Bureau du recensement des États-Unis, « Governments --Individual State Descriptions » [PDF], sur census.gov (consulté le 4 août 2017), p. 65.
  2. (en) John Penney, « Danielson borough may be on last legs », sur norwichbulletin.com, (consulté le 6 novembre 2017).
  3. (en) Daniela Altimari, « In Eastern Connecticut, Debate Over Town's Identity », sur courant.com, (consulté le 6 novembre 2017).
  4. (en) Bureau du recensement des États-Unis, « Population, Housing Units, Area, and Density: 2010 - State -- Place and (in selected states) County Subdivision 2010 Census Summary File 1 », sur factfinder.census.gov (consulté le 4 août 2017).

Voir aussi

Articles connexes

  • Portail du Connecticut
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